Download A Chosen Calling (Medicine, Science, and Religion in by Noah J. Efron PDF

By Noah J. Efron

Scholars have struggled for many years to give an explanation for why Jews have succeeded extravagantly in glossy technological know-how. a number of arguable theories—from such intellects as C. P. Snow, Norbert Wiener, and Nathaniel Weyl—have been promoted. Snow hypothesized an advanced genetic predisposition to clinical good fortune. Wiener advised that the breeding conduct of Jews sustained hereditary features conducive for studying. Economist and eugenicist Weyl attributed Jewish highbrow eminence to "seventeen centuries of breeding for scholars."

Rejecting the concept Jews have performed good in technological know-how as a result of uniquely Jewish qualities, Jewish brains, and Jewish behavior of brain, historian of technological know-how Noah J. Efron methods the Jewish affinity for technology throughout the geographic and cultural conditions of Jews who have been forced to settle in new worlds within the early 20th century.

Seeking reduction from spiritual persecution, hundreds of thousands of Jews resettled within the usa, Palestine, and the Soviet Union, with huge concentrations of settlers in ny, Tel Aviv, and Moscow. technological know-how performed a wide position within the lives and livelihoods of those immigrants: it was once a common strength that transcended the arbitrary outdated global orders that had lengthy ensured the exclusion of all yet a couple of Jews from the seats of energy, wealth, and public esteem. even though the 3 locations have been some distance aside geographically, the hyperlinks one of the groups have been enduring and lively. This shared experience—of dealing with the long run in new worlds, either actual and conceptual—provided a iteration of Jews with possibilities in contrast to any their mom and dad and grandparents had known.

The tumultuous contemporary century of Jewish heritage, which observed either a methodical crusade to blot out Europe's Jews and the inexorable absorption of Western Jews into the societies within which they now dwell, is illuminated by way of where of honor technology held in Jewish imaginations. technology was once relevant to their goals of constructing new worlds—welcoming worlds—for a persecuted people.

This provocative paintings will attract historians of technological know-how in addition to students of faith, Jewish reports, and Zionism.

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